Vagrant OpenStack Plugin 101: vagrant up –provider=openstack

Now that we have a multi-node OpenStack environment spun up very easily using Vagrant, we can now take this further by using Vagrant to spin up OpenStack instances too using the Vagrant OpenStack Plugin. To see how easily this is, follow the instructions below:

git clone
cd vagrant-openstack/
gem build vagrant-openstack.gemspec
vagrant plugin install vagrant-openstack-*.gem
vagrant box add dummy
sudo apt-get install python-novaclient

With the plug-in installed for use with Vagrant we can now configure the Vagrantfile. Remember the Vagrantfile is just a configuration file that lives in the directory of the working environment where any artifacts related to the virtual environment is kept. The following Vagrantfile contents can be used against the OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook Juno Demo environment:

require 'vagrant-openstack'
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "dummy"
  config.vm.provider :openstack do |os|    # e.g.
    os.username = "admin"          # "#{ENV['OS_USERNAME']}"
    os.api_key  = "openstack"      # "#{ENV['OS_PASSWORD']}"
    os.flavor   = /m1.tiny/
    os.image    = /trusty/
    os.endpoint = "" # "#{ENV['OS_AUTH_URL']}/tokens"
    os.keypair_name = "demokey"
    os.ssh_username = "ubuntu"
    os.public_network_name = "ext_net"
    os.networks = %w(ext_net)
    os.tenant = "cookbook"
    os.region = "regionOne"

Once created, we can simply bring up this instance with the following command:

vagrant up --provider=openstack

Note: The network chosen is a routable “public” network, which is accessible from the Vagrant client and is a limitation at this time for creating these instances. Also note that vagrant openstack seems to get stuck at “Waiting for SSH to become available”. Ctrl + C at this point will drop you back to the shell.


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