Monthly Archives: November 2014

Vagrant OpenStack Plugin 101: vagrant up –provider=openstack

Now that we have a multi-node OpenStack environment spun up very easily using Vagrant, we can now take this further by using Vagrant to spin up OpenStack instances too using the Vagrant OpenStack Plugin. To see how easily this is, follow the instructions below:

git clone
cd vagrant-openstack/
gem build vagrant-openstack.gemspec
vagrant plugin install vagrant-openstack-*.gem
vagrant box add dummy
sudo apt-get install python-novaclient

With the plug-in installed for use with Vagrant we can now configure the Vagrantfile. Remember the Vagrantfile is just a configuration file that lives in the directory of the working environment where any artifacts related to the virtual environment is kept. The following Vagrantfile contents can be used against the OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook Juno Demo environment:

require 'vagrant-openstack'
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "dummy"
  config.vm.provider :openstack do |os|    # e.g.
    os.username = "admin"          # "#{ENV['OS_USERNAME']}"
    os.api_key  = "openstack"      # "#{ENV['OS_PASSWORD']}"
    os.flavor   = /m1.tiny/
    os.image    = /trusty/
    os.endpoint = "" # "#{ENV['OS_AUTH_URL']}/tokens"
    os.keypair_name = "demokey"
    os.ssh_username = "ubuntu"
    os.public_network_name = "ext_net"
    os.networks = %w(ext_net)
    os.tenant = "cookbook"
    os.region = "regionOne"

Once created, we can simply bring up this instance with the following command:

vagrant up --provider=openstack

Note: The network chosen is a routable “public” network, which is accessible from the Vagrant client and is a limitation at this time for creating these instances. Also note that vagrant openstack seems to get stuck at “Waiting for SSH to become available”. Ctrl + C at this point will drop you back to the shell.

Remote OpenStack Vagrant Environment

To coincide with the development of the 3rd Edition of the OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook, I decided to move my vagranting from the ever-increasing temperatures of my MBP to a Shuttle capable of spinning up multi-node OpenStack environments in minutes. I’ve found this very useful for convenience and speed, so sharing the small number of steps to help you quickly get up to speed too.

The spec of the Shuttle is:

  • Shuttle XPC SH87R6
  • Intel i5 3.3GHz i5-4590
  • 2 x Crucial 8Gb 1600MHz DDR3 Ballistix Sport
  • 1 x Seagate Desktop SSHD 1000GB 64MB Cache SATA 6 Gb/s 8GB SSD Cache Hybrid HDD

Running on here is Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, along with VirtualBox 4.3 and VMware Workstation 10. I decided to give one of those hybrid HDDs a spin, and can say the performance is pretty damn good for the price. All in all, this is a quiet little workhorse sitting under my desk.

To have this as part of my work environment (read: my MBP), I connect to this using SSH and X11 courtesy of XQuartz. XQuartz, once installed on the Mac, allows me to access my remote GUI on my Shuttle as you’d expect from X11 (ssh -X …). This is useful when running the GUI of VMware Workstation and VirtualBox – as well as giving me a hop into my virtual environment running OpenStack (that exists only within my Shuttle) by allowing me to run remote web browsers that have the necessary network access to my Virtual OpenStack environment.


With this all installed and accessible on my network, I grab the OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook scripts (that we’re updating for Juno and the in-progress 3rd Edition) from GitHub and can bring up a multi-node Juno OpenStack environment running in either VirtualBox or VMware Workstation in just over 15 minutes.

Once OpenStack is up and running, I can then run the script that we provide to launch 2 networks (one private, one public), with an L3 router providing floating IPs, and an instance that I’m able to access from a shell on my Shuttle. Despite the Shuttle being remote, I can browse the OpenStack Dashboard with no issues, and without VirtualBox or VMware consuming resources on my trusty MBP.

OpenStack Summit Packt Book Discount Codes – 30% Off

If you fancy grabbing a copy of the OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook, by Kevin Jackson and Cody Bunch, you can use the following 30% discount codes at when you make your purchase:

30% off Printed Book Discount Code: nieX72Mn7U

30% off eBook Discount Code: k1QxrwyMvD

You can also get 30% off James Denton’s Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron) with the following codes:

30% off Printed Book Discount Code: luyLRpSQ

30% off eBook Discount Code: IXQ1swn2

As a bonus, James will be book signing at the Rackspace Booth Monday to Wednesday! Stop by the booth for more information!